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Fig. 6 | Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards

Fig. 6

From: Remote sensing of burned areas via PCA, Part 1; centering, scaling and EVD vs SVD

Fig. 6

Centered and scaled SVD-based PCA on a bi-variate data set composed by a post- and a pre-fire MODIS surface reflectance band 2. Black dots and grey asterisks are respectively samples of burned surfaces and vegetation. The original coordinate system (light greyed) has been shifted after centering. The shape of the point-scatter has altered (so did the range of values) after scaling and rotated after PCA to the direction in which the spread of the data onto the new axes (dashed axes, PC1 and PC2) is maximised. These are restricted to be orthogonal. The 1st component reflects mainly the mean of the original data

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